Spanish Learning Review
Learn Spanish Adjectives
It's really odd to see the English-speaker's mentality of having only ONE form for adjectives. The Latino mind has to refer to the gender of whatever is going to be described, just to come out with the right ending for every single adjective.
This goes on as a natural part of the language, but really reflects a great deal of Latino conceptualization. The universe is all masculine or feminine.
1. Whereas in English, adjectives are always found in front of the noun, Spanish adjectives usually follow the noun that they modify.
2. Spanish adjectives change to agree in gender and number with the nouns that they modify. This means that there can be up to four forms of each adjective: masculine singular, feminine singular, masculine plural, and feminine plural. But not to worry, we'll go over everything right here. If you've already studied the noun lesson, some of these rules will look familar to you.
Many common adjectives end in -o. These adjectives have four forms. The following words all mean "tall":
Normally, masculine adjectives normally end in "-o" and the ones ending in "-a" are normally feminine.These adjectives are going to take on four different forms each, depending upon the noun they describe. So, if we take as an example the adjective "bonito" (beautiful) we will find it in four different forms depending on the noun it goes with
El libro bonito (masculine, singular) (The beautiful book)
Los libros bonitos (masculine, plural) (The beautiful books)
La chica bonita (feminine, singular) (The beautiful girl)
Las chicas bonitas (feminine, plural) (The beautiful girls)
There are other adjectives in Spanish that only change their form to distinguish between singular and plural but not between masculine and feminine. These adjectives end in "-e".
Una persona importante - Unas personas importantes (An important person - some important people)
Un hombre importante - Unos hombres importantes (An important man - some important men)
To make the adjectives plural, add -s.
singular -> malo
plural -> malos
singular -> mala
plural -> malas
When the adjective ends in a or e, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms, and the plural is created by adding -s.
singular -> triste
plural -> tristes
singular -> realista
plural -> realistas
When the adjective ends in any consonant except n, r, or z, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms, and the plural is created by adding -es.
singular -> fácil
plural -> fáciles
When the adjective ends in z, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms, and the plural is created by changing the z to a c and adding -es. (Why is this?)
singular -> feliz
plural -> felices
For adjectives that end in n or r, the feminine is created by adding an a, the masculine plural by adding -es and the feminine plural by adding -as. Peor and mejor are exceptions; they follow rule III.
singular -> hablador
plural -> habladores
Good Luck Friend!